We validated a novel paradigm to measure aniseikonia across the visual field and used a mathematical approach that is able to describe the magnitude and shape of aniseikonia in a concise, clinically meaningful fashion.
The measurement of aniseikonia has been performed clinically for more than half a century; however, amalgamation of field-wide local variations in binocular spatial localization into clinically applicable global metrics has yet to be attempted. Thus, the goal of the current study was twofold: first, to measure field-wide aniseikonia and second, to compare how local and global metrics each capture optically induced aniseikonia.
Twelve visually normal observers performed a dichoptic localization task at 24 locations in the visual field. This was done in four conditions: (A) while wearing red-green filters, (B) while wearing green-red filters, (C) while wearing a monocular 5% overall size lens, and (D) while wearing a monocular 6% meridional size lens. The physical settings at perceptual equality were then used to compute both local (relative magnification) and global (coefficients for Zernike terms) descriptors of aniseikonia.
The comparison of each lens condition to the baseline condition confirmed predicted shifts in both the sign and magnitude of aniseikonia at both the local and global levels; however, the intraobserver levels of precision were moderate, and systematic underestimations were present across all locations in conditions C and D.
Local and global analyses derived from dichoptic localization data were both able to capture optically induced changes in binocular spatial perception; however, solutions that address the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges associated with this paradigm are needed before clinical implementation can proceed.