The developed video can be accessed by African American patients with glaucoma from across the United States on YouTube to learn why it is important to ask eye care providers any questions they might have about glaucoma and/or its treatment.
Our objective was to develop an educational video for African Americans with glaucoma to watch before their ophthalmology office visits to help motivate them to be actively involved in their care.
The Social Cognitive Theory guided the development of the video. We conducted three focus groups with African American patients with glaucoma and three focus groups with providers who care for African American patients with glaucoma. The research team reviewed the transcripts of the focus groups and then developed a plan for video production.
The themes that both patients and providers felt should be covered in the video to motivate patient question-asking included the following: what is glaucoma, glaucoma treatment, glaucoma testing, and treatment adherence. Based on focus group results, the resulting video had one male African American physician and four African American patients covering the themes that emerged.
Ophthalmologists and African Americans with glaucoma gave us excellent insight into developing videos to increase patient involvement during their visits.