This article evaluates the standardized Greek version of the International Reading Speed Texts (IReST) set, which enriches interlanguage comparisons and international clinical studies of reading performance. Moreover, it investigates how specific textual and subject-related characteristics modulate the variability of reading speed across texts and readers.
The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized Greek version of the IReST set and investigate how specific textual and subject-related factors modulate the variability of reading speed across texts and readers.
The English IReST texts were translated to Greek and matched for length, content, and linguistic difficulty. The Greek IReSTs were presented at a distance of 40 cm and size of 1 M to assess reading speeds of 25 normally sighted native speakers (age range, 18 to 35 years). The participants read the texts aloud while reading time was measured by stopwatch. Reading performance included measurement of reading speed in three units of analysis. Reading efficiency was assessed using a word-level oral reading task. Statistical analysis included evaluation of subject- and text-related variability, as well as correlations between reading speed and specific textual and subject-related factors.
The average reading speed between texts was 208 ± 24 words/min, 450 ± 24 syllables/min, and 1049 ± 105 characters/min. Differences between readers accounted for the 76.6%, whereas differences across texts accounted for the 23.4% of the total variability of reading speed. Word length (in syllables per word) and median word frequency showed a statistically significant contribution to the variability of reading speed (r = 0.95 and 0.70, respectively). Reading speed was also statistically correlated with word reading efficiency (r = 0.68).
The addition of the Greek version in the IReST language pack is expected to be a valuable tool for clinical practice and research, enriching interlanguage comparisons and international studies of reading performance.
1Laboratoty of Optics and Vision, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
2Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital, Heraklion, Greece
3Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
4Centre for Ophthalmology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
Submitted: February 20, 2019
Accepted: July 10, 2019
Funding/Support: University of Crete Special Account for Research (“General Research-Type B”; 4721; to PS).
Conflict of Interest Disclosure: None of the authors have reported a financial conflict of interest.
Author Contributions: Conceptualization: ST-K, SP; Data Curation: SP; Formal Analysis: AG, EK, SP; Funding Acquisition: SP; Investigation: AG, EK, SP; Methodology: AG, PS, ST-K, SP; Project Administration: SP; Resources: PS; Supervision: MKT, PS, ST-K, SP; Validation: AG, EK, SP; Writing – Original Draft: AG, SP; Writing – Review & Editing: MKT, PS, ST-K, SP.