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Accommodation to Wavefront Vergence and Chromatic Aberration

Wang, Yinan*; Kruger, Philip B.; Li, James S.; Lin, Peter L.; Stark, Lawrence R.§

Optometry and Vision Science: May 2011 - Volume 88 - Issue 5 - p 593-600
doi: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e3182112d99
Original Article
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Purpose. Longitudinal chromatic aberration (LCA) provides a cue to accommodation with small pupils. However, large pupils increase monochromatic aberrations, which may obscure chromatic blur. In this study, we examined the effect of pupil size and LCA on accommodation.

Methods. Accommodation was recorded by infrared optometer while observers (nine normal trichromats) viewed a sinusoidally moving Maltese cross target in a Badal stimulus system. There were two illumination conditions: white (3000 K; 20 cd/m2) and monochromatic (550 nm with 10 nm bandwidth; 20 cd/m2) and two artificial pupil conditions (3 and 5.7 mm). Separately, static measurements of wavefront aberration were made with the eye accommodating to targets between 0 and 4 D (COAS, Wavefront Sciences).

Results. Large individual differences in accommodation to wavefront vergence and to LCA are a hallmark of accommodation. LCA continues to provide a signal at large pupil sizes despite higher levels of monochromatic aberrations.

Conclusions. Monochromatic aberrations may defend against chromatic blur at high spatial frequencies, but accommodation responds best to optical vergence and to LCA at 3 c/deg where blur from higher order aberrations is less.

*MD, MS

OD, PhD, FAAO

OD

§BAppSc(Optom), PhD, FAAO

Department of Vision Sciences, State University of New York, State College of Optometry, New York, New York (YW, PBK, JSL, PLL), and Basic and Visual Sciences, Southern California College of Optometry, Fullerton, California (LRS).

Received July 29, 2010; accepted November 25, 2010.

Yinan Wang; Department of Vision Sciences; SUNY College of Optometry; 33 West 42nd Street; New York, New York 10036; e-mail: ywang995@gmail.com

© 2011 American Academy of Optometry