We document a presumptive case of unilateral post-streptococcal uveitis
. The affected eye manifested a granulomatous anterior uveitis with elevated intra-ocular pressure (IOP) compared with the contra-lateral eye. This presentation was preceded by a recent streptococcal pharyngitis.
An asymptomatic, otherwise healthy 13-year-old black female presented with anterior chamber cells, mutton fat resembling keratic precipitates, and elevated IOP in the left eye relative to the right eye. The patient had been diagnosed with streptococcal pharyngitis approximately 1 week before her eye examination. A blood chemistry analysis, rheumatoid profile panel and antistreptolysin antibody titer were requested. The patient was prescribed predinisolone acetate 1% ophthalmic suspension in the left eye.
Anti-streptolysin antibody titers were significantly elevated (291 IU/ml). The patient responded favorably to topical ophthalmic steroid treatment with a reduction of IOP and inflammation.
Unilateral, granulomatous anterior uveitis may be a variant manifestation of post-streptococcal uveitis
. The IOP elevation in these cases may result secondary to concurrent trabeculitis