Refractive ophthalmoscopy was performed on 16 subjects aged 5 to 27 years. Subjective refractions were performed on both eyes of the subjects followed by an ophthalmoscopic determination performed under cycloplegia by the authors. A 0.94 correlation was found between the subjectively determined “dry” refractive error and the refractive error determined ophthalmoscopically under cycloplegia by both examiners. The results of the two procedures differed by 1 D or less 82% of the time. The results indicate that refractive ophthalmoscopy is an alternative method for objectively determining refractive error in noncooperative patients with poor fixational stability.
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Optometry in Orlando, Florida, 1981.
Received May 11, 1982; revision received July 28, 1982.
* Optometrist, Member of Faculty, F.A.A.O.
Ralph P. Garzia
Ferris State College
College of Optometry
Big Rapids, Michigan 49307
© 1983 American Academy of Optometry