This review of the literature is concerned with the relations between myopia and ethnic, behavioral, and physiological variables. A marked decrease in the number of studies is noted when current literature is compared with that of more than two decades past. It is concluded that cross-sectional studies of correlation must be replaced by longitudinal studies if we are to learn more concerning the cause(s) of myopia.
This paper is based on an oral presentation given by Dr. Baldwin on December 10, 1978 in the Symposium: Perspectives on Myopia, presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Optometry, Boston, Massachuetts.
Received August 3, 1979; revision received July 29, 1980.
* Optometrist, Ph.D., Member of Faculty, F.A.A.O.
William R. Baldwin
College of Optometry
University of Houston
Houston, Texas 77004
© 1981 American Academy of Optometry