This report is a critique of vision tests currently used in testing children too young or too impaired to communicate by speech. The impaired group can include deaf, mentally retarded, autistic, neurologically impaired or emotionally disturbed children. First, tests used to measure seven visual functions are described in terms of procedure, instructions and necessary equipment. Second, the tests are analyzed in terms of their suitability for this population. Clarity of instruction, the developmental capacity of children and the interpretability of children's responses are discussed. In general, tests currently used are not optimally matched to the abilities and interests of preverbal and nonverbal children.
*Submitted on April 23, 1968, for publication in the October, 1968, issue of the American Journal of Optometry and Archives of American Academy of Optometry.
This information was collected while the author was at the Office of Psychological Research, Gallaudet College, Washington, D.C.
† Associate Research Psychologist. M.D.
© 1968 American Academy of Optometry