The American Oculofacial Plastic Surgery Family Tree
Oculofacial Plastic surgery is one of very few surgical specialties to preserve the time-honored apprenticeship model for training new surgeons. As the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery celebrates its 50th anniversary this year, the authors present a genealogy tree graphic to commemorate the fellowship training linkages of the surgeons who make up this subspecialty in the United States, especially society members.
A total of 1,253 names are included. Six hundred nineteen (49.4%) link to Wendell Hughes, 322 (25.6%) to Crowell Beard, and 136 (10.9%) to Allston Callahan (sum of percentages >100 since several surgeons completed >1 fellowships). Four hundred eighty-nine names (39% of total) link to Byron Smith, who had greatest number of direct trainees (64). Allston Callahan had the second most number of direct trainees (50) and with similar numbers as Crowell Beard (47). No other preceptor directly trained >40 individuals.
This graphic (See Supplemental Digital Content 1, https://links.lww.com/IOP/A223) recognizes the legacy and impact of pioneers and subsequent oculofacial plastic surgeon preceptors. The authors acknowledge possible errors and omissions to this tree that is ever expanding. Additionally, there may exist other pathways to being an oculofacial plastic surgeon in the United States. Further investigation and continued documentation are necessary to continue to capture the heritage of oculofacial plastic surgery.
Supplemental Digital Content
© 2020 The American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc.