The direct brow lift is a simple and popular technique, particularly in patients with brow ptosis secondary to facial palsy. It provides a high degree of control in determining the degree of brow elevation and shape achieved. However, it is arguably the least debated in terms of addressing some of its sequelae, namely the risks of a visible or indrawn scar and forehead paraesthesia. In this article, we report outcomes using four alternative principles to those outlined in current published literature.
All patients undergoing a primary direct brow lift for brow ptosis secondary to facial palsy between January 2015 and December 2019 under a single surgeon (R.M.) were included in the study. The technical refinements of the procedure included a W-plasty type stealth skin incision, counter-bevelling of the upper and lower incision lines, skin excision in the subcutaneous plane only with minimal excision of fat and browpexy to the frontal periosteum through small linear puncture incisions in the frontalis.
A total of 23 patients undergoing 24 direct brow lifts were included in the study. The mean follow-up was 1.3 years (range 0.5–3 years). No patients reported postoperative forehead paraesthesia or brow alopecia. One patient required a further temporal browlift 15 months later. Brow height was rated excellent (0–1.5 mm difference) in 71% of brows and good (1.6–4.9 mm difference) in 14% of brows. The average Manchester scar scale was 8.6/28.
The technical modifications presented substantially reduce the rates of postoperative paraesthesia, whilst achieving satisfactory aesthetic outcomes.