To describe outcomes using umbilical amnion for conjunctival fornix, socket, and eyelid margin reconstruction.
A medical record review was performed to identify patients who had received umbilical amnion over a 2-year period in their department. Patient demographics, disease etiology, and data regarding surgical outcomes were collected. The primary outcome was the success rate of the surgical intervention.
Twenty-one patients received umbilical amnion for anophthalmic socket contracture (n = 16), orbital implant exposure (n = 3), ocular surface burn (n = 1), and cicatricial entropion repair (n = 1). The primary outcome was met in 76% of patients overall. In anophthalmic socket contracture, the primary outcome was met in 86% and 0% of patients with acquired and congenital anophthalmia, respectively. The primary outcome was met in all cases of orbital implant exposure and cicatricial entropion. The primary outcome was not met in a Roper-Hall grade IV ocular surface burn.
Umbilical amnion is an ideal substrate graft for reconstruction of the conjunctival fornix, socket, and eyelid margin. Umbilical amnion appears to be efficacious for the management of socket contracture in acquired anophthalmia, orbital implant exposure, and cicatricial entropion. Further experience is needed to determine the efficacy of umbilical amnion in ocular surface burns.