Primary ductal adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland is an aggressive neoplasm and can be seen either as a de novo malignancy or in the setting of a carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma carries an overall unfavorable outcome; however, prognosis depends on the type and grade of the malignant component, presence of retained myoepithelial component, and extend of invasion beyond the capsule. Herein, the authors describe a 78-year-old man diagnosed with an incidental, intracapsular, high-grade ductal adenocarcinoma in situ ex pleomorphic adenoma, who is free of disease at 9 months subsequent to complete resection. It is important to recognize the morphologic features of intraductal and intracapsular neoplasms to prevent unnecessary morbidities due to extensive surgical interventions or radiotherapy.
Morphologic features of intracapsular ductal carcinoma in situ ex pleomorphic adenoma, which shows better clinical outcomes with complete excision than its invasive counterpart.