There is a paucity of data in the literature on the surgical management of lower eyelid marginal entropion. In this study, the authors report outcomes of a surgical technique of eyelid margin splitting and anterior lamellar reposition in patients with lower eyelid marginal entropion.
The medical records for 30 eyelids from 22 patients with lower eyelid marginal entropion who had undergone eyelid margin splitting and anterior lamellar repositioning at Seoul National University Hospital from January 2004 to December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Success was defined as the lack of any lash in contact with the globe, no need for a second procedure, the complete resolution of symptoms, and acceptable cosmesis at the final follow up.
The mean follow-up duration was 16.7 months. The split eyelid margin exhibited good wound healing in each case, but trichiasis recurred postoperatively in 3 of 30 eyelids, even though the eyelid margin was ultimately well positioned. That is, the overall success rate was 90%. Of the 3 eyelids with recurrent trichiasis, 2 required additional electrolysis to remove irritated cilia, but the other did not require to be treated. In the latter case, the trichiasis observed was fine, focal, and unaccompanied by symptoms or corneal lesions. There was no significant complication such as secondary ectropion or eyelid retraction.
Eyelid margin splitting and anterior lamellar repositioning achieve success with a low rate of complications among patients with lower eyelid marginal entropion.