Magnetic resonance–guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) thalamotomy is used to treat essential tremor and tremor-dominant Parkinson disease. Feedback is collected throughout the procedure to verify the location of the target and completeness of response; however, variability in clinical judgments may underestimate or overestimate treatment response.
To objectively quantify joint motion after each sonication using accelerometers secured to the contralateral upper extremity in an effort to optimize MRgFUS treatment.
Before the procedure, 3 accelerometers were secured to the patient’s arm, forearm, and index finger. Throughout the procedure, tremor motion was regularly recorded during postural and kinetic tremor testing and individual joint angle measures were modeled. The joint angle from each accelerometer was compared with baseline measurements to assess changes in angles. Subsequent adjustments to the target location and sonication energy were made at the discretion of the neurosurgeon and neuroradiologist.
Intraoperative accelerometer measurements of hand tremor from 18 patients provided quantified data regarding joint angle reduction: 87.3%, 94.2%, and 86.7% for signature writing, spiral drawing, and line drawing tests, respectively. Target adjustment based on accelerometer monitoring of the angle at each joint added substantial value toward achieving optimal tremor reduction.
Real-time accelerometer recordings collected during MRgFUS thalamotomy offered objective quantification of changes in joint angle after each sonication, and these findings were consistent with clinical judgments of tremor response. These results suggest that this technique could be used for fine adjustment of the location of sonication energy and number of sonications to consistently achieve optimal tremor reduction.