Inferior is Superior—Transtentorial Transcollateral Sulcus Approach to the Ventricular Atrium: 2-Dimensional Operative Video : Operative Neurosurgery

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Inferior is Superior—Transtentorial Transcollateral Sulcus Approach to the Ventricular Atrium: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Emerson, Samuel N. MD, PhD*; Kadri, Paulo Abdo do Seixo MD*,‡; Toczylowski, Matthew CNIM§; Al-Mefty, Ossama MD*

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doi: 10.1227/ons.0000000000000433
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Lesions of the ventricular atrium are difficult to access given their deep location and surrounding critical structures, particularly in the dominant hemisphere. The supracerebellar transtentorial approach has gained popularity for lesions of the mesial temporal lobe and thalamus since its first description by Voigt and Yasargil.1-3 This approach to the ventricular atrium through the collateral sulcus has been investigated in cadaveric studies and reported in 2 clinical cases.4-7 The collateral sulcus is a consistently identifiable landmark and relatively shallow, providing a reliable and short route to the atrium.8,9 Navigation is extremely helpful in determining the entry and trajectory. When traversing the supracerebellar corridor, one must be aware of tentorial venous anatomy. A remnant of the medial or lateral tentorial sinus can be associated with venous complications if sacrificed, particularly when a supracerebellar vein drains into the remnant.10 Here, we present a case of a 39-year-old woman with speech and vision deficits because of a hemorrhagic tumor in the left atrium originating from the temporal lobe with trapping of the temporal horn. Functional MRI demonstrated language function in the left superior temporal gyrus lateral to the lesion. A supracerebellar transtentorial transcollateral approach was used to maximize preservation of vision and language. Sacrifice of a bridging vein draining into the medial tentorial sinus led to ipsilateral cerebellar edema that was managed with hypertonic saline. The patient otherwise tolerated the procedure well with no worsening of language or vision.

The patient consented to surgery and publication of images.

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Funding

Dr Elder is a consultant for Johnson & Johnson, on the Medical Advisory Board for Injectsense, receives institutional study support from Stryker and SI Bone. Dr Fogelson is a consultant for Medtronic. The other authors have no personal, financial, or institutional interest in any of the drugs, materials, or devices described in this article.

Disclosures

The authors have no personal, financial, or institutional interest in any of the drugs, materials, or devices described in this article.

REFERENCES

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7. Marcus HJ, Sarkar H, Mindermann T, Reisch R. Keyhole supracerebellar transtentorial transcollateral sulcus approach to the lateral ventricle. Neurosurgery. 2013;73(2 suppl operative):ONSE295-ONS301; discussion ONSE301.
8. Huntgeburth SC, Petrides M. Morphological patterns of the collateral sulcus in the human brain. Eur J Neurosci. 2012;35(8):1295-1311.
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Keywords:

Collateral sulcus; Dynamic stimulation; Glioma; Neuromonitoring; Transtentorial; Ventricular atrium; Ventricular tumor

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