Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is an established and safe methodology for extra-operative invasive monitoring in patients with medical refractory epilepsy. SEEG has several advantages such as the ability to record deep cortical structures, mapping the epileptogenic zone in a three-dimensional manner, and analyze bihemispheric regions without the need for bilateral craniotomies. In patients with bilateral hemispheric hypotheses, especially the mesial surface of frontal lobes, bilateral lead placement is compulsory to further define and localize the epileptogenic zone. In this particular cohort of patients, bilateral monitoring may be accomplished from a single entry point using trans-interhemispheric placement of the electrodes. The use of trans-interhemispheric monitoring offers several advantages including sparing the need for additional leads.
To test the hypothesis that, given the lack of the falx as a limiting structure in the ventral and mesial frontal lobe regions, trans-interhemispheric SEEG placement is feasible and a potential benefit for the SEEG method.
We report on 6 patients who underwent bilateral monitoring using trans-interhemispheric SEEG lead placement and discuss the operative technique.
Six patients underwent trans-interhemispheric monitoring, with a median of 3 leads per patient (19 total). Trajectory error was minimal (<0.3 mm), and operating room time was comparable with that in previous reports. All leads were placed without adverse events, mislocalization, electrode hemorrhages, or any other complications. All patients had successful localization of the epileptogenic zone.
Trans-interhemispheric SEEG to monitor the mesial wall of frontal lobe regions is technically feasible. No adverse events were observed, suggesting a favorable safety profile.