The extent of obliteration of ruptured intracranial aneurysms treated with coil embolization has been correlated with the risk of rerupture. However, many practitioners consider that a small neck remnant is unlikely to result in significant risk after coiling.
To report our recent experience with ruptured anterior cerebral artery aneurysms treated with endovascular coiling, which recurred or reruptured, requiring microsurgical clipping for subsequent treatment.
Retrospective review of patients with intracranial aneurysms treated at our institution since August 2018. Patient and aneurysm characteristics, initial and subsequent treatment approaches, and outcomes were reviewed.
Six patients were included. Out of those 6 patients, 5 patients had anterior communicating artery aneurysms, and 1 patient had a pericallosal aneurysm. All initially presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and were treated with coiling. Recurrence occurred at a median of 7.5 mo. In 2 cases, retreatment was initially performed with repeat endovascular coiling, but further recurrence was observed. Rerupture from the residual or recurrent aneurysm occurred in 3 cases. In 2 cases, the aneurysm dome recurred; in 1 case, rerupture occurred from the neck. All 6 patients underwent treatment with microsurgical clipping. Follow-up catheter angiography demonstrated a complete occlusion of the aneurysm in all cases with the preservation of the parent vessel.
Anterior cerebral artery aneurysms may recur after endovascular treatment, and even small neck remnants present a risk of rerupture after an initial SAH. Complete treatment requires a complete exclusion of the aneurysm from the circulation. Even in cases that have been previously coiled, microsurgical clipping can represent a safe and effective treatment option.