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Transthoracic Echocardiographic Assessment of Haemodynamics in Severe Preeclampsia and HIV in South Africa

Dennis, A.T.; Dyer, R.A.; Gibbs, M.; Nel, L.; Castro, J.M.; Swanevelder, J.L.

doi: 10.1097/01.aoa.0000482638.95936.d7
Mother, Fetus, Neonate
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(Anaesthesia. 2015, 70, 1028–1038)

Preeclampsia and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are 2 serious global health problems for women. Although preeclampsia affects 6.5 million women each year, HIV infection affects 1.5 million pregnant women globally, with thousands of maternal deaths complicated by HIV infection. In South Africa, both are significant health problems. The objectives of this study were: to determine hemodynamics using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in women with preeclampsia, both untreated and treated; and to determine the differences, if any, in hemodynamics between healthy term pregnant women and term women with HIV, using TTE.

Department of Anaesthesia, The Royal Women’s Hospital Parkville, Parkville, Vic., Australia

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