(Abstracted from JAMA 2019;321(23):2349–2360)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be transmitted from mother to child (MTCT) during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The number of perinatal HIV infections in the United States declined from 1985 to 2001 after routine prenatal screening was implemented across the country, along with the use of effective therapies for preventing MTCT.
Pacific Northwest Evidence-Based Practice Center, Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology (S.S.S., C.B., T.D., S.G., R.C.); Department of Family Medicine (S.S.S.); and Division of General Internal Medicine and Geriatrics (R.C.), Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR