(Abstracted from J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2019;26:535–543)
Tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) presents as an infectious mass of the adnexa and is a late complication of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in up to 30% of cases. TOA is associated with significant patient morbidities, including pain, sepsis, and recurrent hospitalizations and may lead to long-term complications such as chronic pelvic pain, pelvic adhesions, infertility, and ectopic pregnancies.
Lis Maternity Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sourasky Medical Center (Y.F., A.C., N.S., B.A., I.L.); and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University (U.S.), Tel Aviv, Israel