(Abstracted from Obstet Gynecol 2019;133:978–986)
Thirty-seven states mandate parental consent or notification before providing abortion care to minors. In Massachusetts' parental consent law, a minor (17 years old or younger) requires parental approval before a legal abortion is permitted, but parental involvement can be bypassed through some mechanism, such as a petition to a judge (“judicial bypass”).
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Planned Parenthood League of Massachusetts, and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston; and Kilbaner and Sabino, Cambridge, MA