(Abstracted from Pediatrics 2018;142(5):e20181016)
Advances in perinatal medicine over the last 20 years have improved survival for preterm infants; however, with increasing survival, more information is needed about the long-term impact of preterm birth, particularly in periviable infants (gestation <25 weeks and/or birth weight <500 g). Other large cohort studies have examined the morbidity and mortality experienced by extremely preterm infants and have described increased hospital readmissions, impacts on behavior and academic performance at school, and other early childhood effects, but they have not considered the longer-term consequences or were performed during a different era of perinatal care.
Department of Paediatrics, University of Otago (M.J.B.); Capital and Coast District Health Board (M.J.B., K.R.); Department of Public Health, University of Otago (T.F., O.R., B.R., N.P.), Wellington; and Hawke's Bay District Health Board, Napier (T.F.), New Zealand