(Abstracted from BJOG 2018;125:1480–1487)
Neonatal encephalopathy is a clinical condition identified shortly after birth in term or near-term infants that is characterized by abnormal neurological function. Affected infants often present with a decreased level of consciousness or seizures, as well as difficulty initiating and maintaining respirations and abnormal reflexes or tone.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH (H.A.F., C.D.L., W.M., P.S., K.M.R., S.F.T., J.M.B., M.B.L.); and Department of Obstetrics, International Peace Maternity & Child Health Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China (X.L., W.C.)