(Abstracted from JAMA Pediatr 2018;172(4):361–367)
Despite apparent progress in perinatal care, children born extremely preterm or very preterm (EP/VP) remain at high risk of cognitive deficits, and long-term morbidity rates have not decreased. Extremely preterm or very preterm birth (<32 weeks of gestation) is associated with higher risks of motor, learning, and behavior problems and, particularly, cognitive impairment.
Clinical Neuropsychology Section, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (E.S.T., R.M.W., J.F.d.K., J.O.); Department of Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center (J.B.v.G., R.M.v.E., J.O.); Department of Pediatrics, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center (J.B.v.G., J.O.), Amsterdam; and Nutricia Research, Utrecht (R.M.v.E.), the Netherlands