Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Psychopharmacotherapy in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Vitale, Salvatore Giovanni MD; Laganà, Antonio Simone MD; Muscatello, Maria Rosaria Anna MD, PhD; La Rosa, Valentina Lucia PsyD; Currò, Veronica MD; Pandolfo, Gianluca MD, PhD; Zoccali, Rocco Antonio MD, PhD; Bruno, Antonio MD, PhD

Erratum

In the article that appeared on page 721 of the December 2016 issue, the order of author names was incorrect. The authors’ names should have appeared in the following order: Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, MD, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, MD, PhD, Antonio Simone Laganà, MD, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, PsyD, Veronica Currò, MD, Gianluca Pandolfo, MD, PhD, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, MD, and Antonio Bruno, MD, PhD.

Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey. 72(2):136, February 2017.

Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey: December 2016 - Volume 71 - Issue 12 - p 721–733
doi: 10.1097/OGX.0000000000000369
CME Articles
Buy
CME
Erratum

Importance Fifteen percent to 20% of pregnant women suffer from mental disorders, and 86% of them are not treated due to potential teratogenic risks for the fetus. Several drugs seem to be safe during pregnancy but knowledge regarding risks of antenatal exposure to drugs is still limited.

Objective The aim of this article is to provide a review of literature, data, and a clinical guideline concerning the treatment and management of mental disorders during pregnancy and lactation.

Evidence Acquisition Bibliographical research was carried out using Medline and Pubmed (from 2005 until 2015) and articles, books and Websites were consulted.

Results Regarding antidepressants, only paroxetine seems to lead to an increased risk of malformations, whereas fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, sertraline, citalopram, escitalopram and venlafaxine do not appear to increase this risk. The use of duloxetine is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage during pregnancy but not with an increased risk of adverse events, such as birth defects. There is no clear evidence of malformation risk associated with the use of antipsychotics, whereas a risk associated with pregnancy and newborn outcome has been detected. All mood stabilizers are associated with risks of birth defects and perinatal complications.

Conclusions and Relevance Taking psychoactive drugs is possible during pregnancy, but it is important to consider various effects of the drugs. Future research should focus on prospective and longitudinal studies with an adequate evaluation of confounding variables. This should be followed by long-term studies to obtain accurate measures of child development.

Target Audience Obstetricians and gynecologists, family physicians

Learning Objectives After completing this activity, the learner should be better able to identify the main categories of psychiatric drugs used during pregnancy and breastfeeding, discuss side effects for the mother and the newborn associated with these drugs, and use the most appropriate drug according to different clinical situations.

*Resident, Unit of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Human Pathology in Adulthood and Childhood “G. Barresi”, University of Messina; †Associate Professor, Psychiatric Unit, Department of Biomedical, Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina; ‡Psychologist, Unit of Psychodiagnostics and Clinical Psychology, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; §Resident, ∥Researcher, and ¶Head, Psychiatric Unit, Department of Biomedical, Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy

All authors and staff in a position to control the content of this CME activity and their spouses/life partners (if any) have disclosed that they have no financial relationships with, or financial interests in, any commercial organizations pertaining to this educational activity.

The authors alone are responsible for the content and text of the article.

Correspondence requests to: Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, MD, Unit of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Human Pathology in Adulthood and Childhood “G. Barresi”, University of Messina, Via Consolare Valeria 1, 98125, Messina, Italy. E-mail: vitalesalvatore@hotmail.com.

Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.