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Vitamin D: Hero or Hype

Duerbeck, Norman B. MD, FACOG*†; Dowling, David D. MD, MBA, FACOG*†; Duerbeck, Jillinda M. RN

Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey: December 2013 - Volume 68 - Issue 12 - p 799–810
doi: 10.1097/OGX.0000000000000003

In recent years, vitamin D deficiency has been implicated, by predominantly observational studies, in a wide variety of ailments including skeletal disease, cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, mental and neurologic disorders, and various etiologies of adverse pregnancy outcome. The following is a review of the physiology of vitamin D, clinical signs and symptoms of inadequate and excessive vitamin D, and the literature purporting its many presumed health benefits.

Target Audience: Obstetricians and gynecologists, family physicians

Learning Objectives: After completing this CME activity, physicians should be better able to explain how vitamin D is utilized and critically analyze the multiple health claims of vitamin D.

*Board Certified OB/GYN and Maternal Fetal Medicine, Partner, Specialty Obstetrics of San Diego, San Diego, CA; †Perinatologist, Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women & Newborns, San Diego, CA; ‡Active Obstetrical Nurse, Locum Tenums, San Diego, CA

All authors and staff in a position to control the content of this CME activity and their spouses/life partners (if any) have disclosed that they have no financial relationships with, or financial interests in, any commercial organizations pertaining to this educational activity.

Correspondence requests to: Norman B. Duerbeck MD FACOG, Specialty Obstetrics of San Diego, 12264 El Camino Real Suite 204, San Diego, CA, 92130. E-mail:

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.