A continuing challenge in the management of women with vulvar vestibulitis is the patient who has not responded to surgical treatment. The main reason for persistent dyspareunia is failure to excise the sensitive periurethral tissue in the primary operation. In other cases, the Bartholin's glands may be the source of the pain. A low oxalate diet, the administration of interferon, and biofeedback training of the lower pelvic muscles-treatments that are used as a first-choice approach for vulvar vestibulitis, may all work in the postoperative patient. The management of a patient with residual vestibulitis should be conservative, and only when medical measures fail, do we consider additional surgical methods such as Bartholin's gland resection or repeat perineoplasty.