Goiter was described in the early medical literature, yet it was not connected to a deficiency of iodine until the 19th century. The connection between the development of goiter and a deficiency of iodine took many years to develop. This article describes the history of goiter and how scientists realized that the reason for this disease was a shortage of iodine.
Carolyn D. Berdanier, PhD, is professor emeritus, Nutrition and Cell Biology at the University of Georgia, Athens. She has authored more than 100 articles in peer-reviewed journals, contributed 40 chapters to multiauthored books, prepared 45 invited reviews for scientific journals, and authored/edited 19 books. She has served on the editorial boards of the FASEB Journal, the Journal of Nutrition, Biochemistry Archives, Nutrition Research, Nutrition Today, and the International Journal of Diabetes Research.
Correspondence: Carolyn D. Berdanier, PhD, 802 Timbercrest Trail, Valencia, PA 16059 (firstname.lastname@example.org).