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Micromineral Deficiencies and Child Development

Black, Maureen M. PhD

doi: 10.1097/NT.0b013e31819dc69d
Continuing Education

Microminerals represent essential vitamins and minerals that must be acquired through diet, fortification, or supplementation. This article reviews evidence on the relationships between 3 microminerals, iodine, iron, and zinc, and cognitive processes in infants and young children. A hypothesized model that includes direct links between microminerals and child development and indirect links through the caregiving environment is presented

Deficiencies play havoc with child health

Maureen M. Black, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Pediatrics and the director of the Growth and Nutrition Clinic at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. She is also an adjunct professor at the University of Maryland Baltimore County and the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. Her clinical and research interests focus on the evaluation of intervention strategies to promote the growth and development of vulnerable children.

Correspondence: Maureen M. Black, PhD, Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Room 161, 737 W Lombard St, Baltimore, MD 21201 (

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.