School-based feeding programs are common in both industrialized and developing countries. Although the primary focus of school-based feeding programs is the nutritional well-being of schoolchildren, they also address other concerns such as education, agriculture, economics, culture, legislation, politics, and technology. As a result, the programs vary widely from country to country in design, implementation, and evaluation. Nutrition education is usually tied in with feeding programs. Both have undergone changes, including a shift from pupil/school orientation to social/collective orientation and action.