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The Impact of the Photocopier on Peer Review and Nursing Theory

Nicoll, Leslie, H.

doi: 10.1097/NNR.0000000000000236

Overview Two influential publications in nursing, Nursing Research and Perspectives on Nursing Theory, are used to illustrate how a specific technology change—the invention and marketing of the photocopier—influenced knowledge dissemination and information utilization in nursing, perhaps in ways not immediately apparent.

Methods Content analysis and historical comparison, using editorials from Nursing Research, historical reports on technology development, and personal reflections on the genesis of Perspectives on Nursing Theory are used to create an argument for the role of technology in peer review, information utilization, and knowledge development in nursing.

Conclusion Multiple forces influence nursing science. Scholars should be alert to data inputs from many sources and respond accordingly.

Leslie H. Nicoll, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN, is President and Owner, Maine Desk LLC, Portland, Maine, and Editor-in-Chief, CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing and Nurse Author & Editor.

Accepted for publication May 9, 2017.

The author has no conflicts of interest to report.

Corresponding author: Leslie H. Nicoll, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN, Maine Desk LLC, 10A Beach Street, Suite 2, Portland, ME 04101 (e-mail:

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