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A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Situation-Specific Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire Items

Gigliotti, Eileen

Brief Report

Background: Situation-specific social support, measured by comparably worded Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire (NSSQ) items, holds promise in the development of context-specific theories at the practice level. However, psychometric work on situation-specific NSSQ items is lacking.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the statistical parameters of situation-specific NSSQ items (affect, affirmation, and aid).

Methods: Using data (N = 154) collected for a larger study, the parameters of three LISREL models were estimated by the generally weighted least squares method using an asymptotic covariance matrix.

Results: The modified two-factor model was accepted (χ 2 = 11.54, df = 7, p ≤ .12). Overall, parameter estimates suggest that, in this research context, two situation-specific items (affirmation and aid) measure unique dimensions of social support.

Conclusions: In this instance, situation-specific affirmation and aid items measure unique dimensions of support. Guided by strong theory, investigators should develop situation-specific items based on the original NSSQ items.

Eileen Gigliotti, RN, PhD, is Professor, College of Staten Island, City University of New York. Staten Island, New York.

Accepted for publication June 24, 2005.

This work was supported, in part, by a grant from the American Nurses Foundation Wyeth-Ayerst Women's Health Scholar Award and The City University of New York PSC-CUNY Research Award Program.

Corresponding author: Eileen Gigliotti, RN, PhD, Department of Nursing, College of Staten Island, City University of New York, Bldg. 5S, Rm. 213, 2800 Victory Blvd., Staten Island, NY 10314 (email:

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.