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The Health Practices of Homeless Women: A Causal Model



A theoretical model was developed and tested to explain the effects of learned helplessness, self-esteem, and depression on the health practices of homeless women. Data were collected from a sample of 122 homeless women recruited from six shelters. Structural equation analysis was used to evaluate the model. Analysis revealed a goodness-of-fit index of .98, indicating a good fit of the model with the data. Overall, the variables in the model accounted for 14% to 21% of the variance in the health practices of homeless women.

Linda Flynn, PhD, RN, is senior vice president and chief operating officer, Essex Valley Visiting Nurses Association, East Orange, NJ, and visiting lecturer, Rutgers College of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark.

Accepted for publication August 8, 1996.

This study was supported from by a grant from Sigma Theta Tau, Alpha Tau Chapter. The author gratefully acknowledges Elsie E. Gulick, PhD, FAAN, Adela Yarcheski, PhD, FAAN, and Noreen E. Mahon, PhD, FAAN, for their encouragement and editorial assistance.

© Lippincott-Raven Publishers.