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SMITH MARY JANE
Nursing Research: September-October 1984
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This study replicated two earlier studies that tested the theoretical proposition that man and environment are in continuous mutual and simultaneous interaction, and that temporal duration is related to activity, change, and processing of environmental information. The dependent variable, temporal duration, was measured by the productive judgment of a 40-second interval. The independent variables were two groups of auditory information and the experience of restfulness-tiredness. Two hypotheses were tested: Judgment of duration will be shorter for organized than for ambient auditory information and judgment of duration will be shorter for rested subjects than for tired subjects. The findings of the three studies add to the understanding of temporal experience as a dimension of the man-environment interchange.

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