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Hinshaw Ada Sue; Field, Mildred A.
Nursing Research: July-August 1974
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Utilizing Blau's theory of esteem or status giving, a model of collegial evaluation was investigated within a group of professional nurses. The model suggests that colleagues evaluate and give status to each other on the basis of two factors: 1) possession of attributes valued and shared by the peer group and 2) willingness by those who possess such attributes to help other colleagues. The valued and shared attributes were hypothesized to be those evolving from professional norms and standards, i.e., quality of professional education, quality of professional service, professional creativity, and professional demeanor. A mathematical correlational design utilizing magnitude estimation procedures was used to test the model. In the group of nurses studied, collegial evaluation did occur on the basis of selected professional attributes: 1) professional creativity. 2) professional demeanor, and 3) the quality of professional education. The second factor, willingness to help other colleagues, was not significantly related to the giving of status to peers.

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