INSTRUCTIONS Sleep deprivation in children: A growing public health concern
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Sleep deprivation in children: A growing public health concern
GENERAL PURPOSE: To identify the etiology and impact of sleep disorders in children and explore approaches to improving sleep patterns. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to: 1. Describe the etiology and types of sleep disorders in children. 2. Identify approaches to improve sleep patterns in children.
- Recommended hours of sleep for children between ages 5 and 10 are
- 7 to 8.
- 8.5 to 9.5.
- 10 to 11.
- 12 to 14.
- What percentage of children in the United States is estimated to have sleep issues?
- Untreated sleep disorders can predispose or exacerbate health conditions such as
- renal dysfunction.
- urinary tract infection.
- diabetes and obesity.
- Inadequate sleep is a contributing factor in the death of adolescents, especially from
- substance overdose.
- motor vehicle accidents.
- eating disorders.
- SDB peaks in children ages
- 2 to 6.
- 7 to 9.
- 10 to 12.
- 13 to 16.
- The most significant behavior change in children with SDB is
- loss of appetite.
- difficulty waking at the appropriate time.
- SDB is more likely to occur in
- Black children.
- children of higher economic status.
- White children.
- children living in rural communities.
- Which statement about sleepwalking is accurate?
- It affects more girls than boys.
- It usually begins between ages 4 and 6.
- It's more frequent and intense in chronically sleep-deprived children.
- It has no known association with emotional factors.
- Which statement about nightmares is accurate?
- They're more common in girls than boys.
- They occur in mid-sleep cycle before REM sleep.
- They're usually not remembered.
- It's usually difficult to comfort the child afterward.
- All the following are correct about night terrors except
- the child may not remember them in the morning.
- the child can easily be comforted.
- they usually occur within 4 hours of bedtime.
- the child isn't aware of parental presence.
- Which isn't a sign of childhood sleep problems?
- talking during sleep
- secondary enuresis
- taking 15 to 30 minutes to fall asleep
- Parents who work long hours may contribute to sleep deprivation in children because they may
- not enforce regular bedtimes or may set inconsistent bedtime rules.
- take advantage of later hours to visit with their children.
- help their children with homework late in the evening.
- expect their children to adjust to their working hours.
- A child's cognitive processing may be negatively impacted by a reduction of sleep time of as little as
- 30 minutes.
- 60 minutes.
- 90 minutes.
- 120 minutes.
- Violent video games and other electronic activities interfere with sleep because they
- are compelling and difficult to put down.
- trigger nightmares or night terrors.
- interfere with relaxing, REM sleep.
- put the body in a stressful state.
- How should parents use a sleep diary for their child?
- Record nighttime activities for 3 days.
- Record time to sleep and time at waking for 2 consecutive weeks.
- Record sleep time over a 24-hour period for 2 consecutive weeks.
- Record all sleep time for 4 consecutive weeks, including weekday and weekend naps.
- Children are most receptive to health education classes during
- elementary school.
- upper elementary school.
- middle school.
- senior high school.
- A child's bedroom should be
- the center of activities including play with friends, homework, and sleep.
- warm and quiet with a small, soft light for safety.
- used for sleeping only.
- near the parents' room so they can readily assess sleep difficulties.
- Which of the following may increase suicidal tendencies in children with anxiety or mood disorders?
- energy drinks