INSTRUCTIONS Animal-assisted therapy: Paws with a cause
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Animal-assisted therapy: Paws with a cause
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on AAT in healthcare. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading the article and taking this test, you'll be able to: 1. Discuss key concepts of AAT. 2. Identify steps and resources for setting up an AAT program. 3. List the benefits of AAT for patients.
- In the scenario given, M believed that Ranger helped her by
- strengthening her heart.
- allowing her to temporarily forget her illness.
- relieving her pain.
- giving her courage.
- Studies have shown that the presence of animals can
- elevate neurohormonal levels.
- increase heart circulation.
- reduce anxiety.
- delay recovery.
- Which statement about AAT is correct?
- AAT is a goal-oriented patient intervention.
- AAT started in 1867 in a Quaker hospital.
- AAT is primarily used in long-term-care.
- Approximately 72% of mental health providers prescribe pet therapy.
- Physiologically, pet therapy results in
- increased sympathetic nervous system stimulation.
- decreased sympathetic nervous system stimulation.
- increased parasympathetic nervous system stimulation.
- decreased parasympathetic nervous system stimulation.
- All of the following goals can be included in an AAT session except
- improving communication.
- fostering trust.
- blunting cognitive awareness.
- improving self-care behaviors.
- What must happen before a pet therapy encounter?
- The pet must be bathed.
- Patients are restricted to their rooms.
- Patients' allergies must be ascertained.
- Vital signs must be taken.
- Which agency has published guidelines that address the use of pet therapy in healthcare?
- Center for Animal Assisted Therapy
- American Medical Association
- Which statement about zoonotic infections and AAT is correct?
- There's no risk for patients to acquire these transmissible infections.
- Infections such as swine flu and avian flu have been transmitted during AAT.
- No evidence exists that any significant number of infections has been transmitted.
- Strict policies and procedures will prevent zoonotic infections.
- Which procedure is recommended after a pet therapy session?
- The patient's room is thoroughly disinfected.
- The patient, family, and staff all engage in hand hygiene.
- The patient is fully assessed for evidence of fleas.
- The patient is encouraged to bathe or shower.
- What should occur before implementation of an AAT program?
- patient population analysis
- community approval
- trial visit by the AAT team
- formal training for the AAT team
- The animal used in pet therapy should
- not be the handler's pet.
- be removed if stressed.
- walk with a slowed gait for safety.
- not shed hair.
- Which of the following statements is correct?
- The animal is usually 1 year or older.
- Pet visits can't be longer than 1 hour daily.
- Pet vaccination review must occur before every patient visit.
- Pet therapy animals are limited to dogs.
- Which statement about therapy animals is correct?
- Obedience skills aren't as important as being friendly.
- Unpredictable animals are preferred because they spark more interest.
- Training classes can prepare an animal to accept a stranger.
- Routine screening for zoonotic microorganisms is recommended.
- Which attribute isn't required by therapy animals?
- being reliably responsive to voice commands
- having a good disposition
- sitting for long periods of time
- weighing less than 30 pounds
- According to the article, what's most important when developing an AAT program?
- standardized training process
- animal acceptance
- patient selection
- What does a designated animal visit liaison monitor?
- the flow of AAT throughout the facility
- vaccination status of the animals
- the number of pet visits each patient receives
- training each staff member receives
- Which organization provides information to healthcare professionals regarding AAT?
- Center for Animal Assisted Therapy
- National Pet Therapy Association
- This article illustrates that AAT can help patients in all of the following ways except
- feeling safe and protected.
- assisting in overcoming fear of animals.
- providing a connecting bridge to healthcare providers.
- reducing stress.