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Teen issues, part two

Trends in alcohol and substance use

doi: 10.1097/01.NME.0000547429.02947.fc
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INSTRUCTIONS Teen issues, part two: Trends in alcohol and substance use


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Teen issues, part two: Trends in alcohol and substance use

GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on a variety of potentially toxic substances abused by teenagers. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing-education activity, you should be able to: 1. Recognize substances abused by teenagers and their prevalence. 2. Identify the routes of substance ingestion among teenagers and the potential adverse reactions from this use.

  1. The most widely used substance among America's youth is
    1. alcohol.
    2. tobacco.
    3. marijuana.
  2. Which statement about alcohol abuse by teenagers is accurate?
    1. Young people consume up to 60% of their alcohol by binge drinking.
    2. About one-half of teenagers have had at least one drink by age 13.
    3. Individuals ages 12 to 20 drink 11% of all alcohol consumed.
  3. Binge drinking is defined as drinking at least how many drinks on one occasion within a short amount of time?
    1. three
    2. five
    3. seven
  4. Compared with drinking alcohol, what's a potential effect of “vaping” alcohol?
    1. Much more alcohol is required to achieve the same effects.
    2. Feelings of euphoria and sedation are reached more slowly.
    3. The risk of alcohol poisoning and overdose is much greater.
  5. Compared with beer's average alcohol content of 5%, in the alcohol-caffeine combination drinks that have been remarketed with the caffeine removed, the average alcohol content is a total of approximately
    1. 8%.
    2. 12%.
    3. 14%.
  6. One of the products used for huffing that has the highest fatality rate is
    1. gasoline.
    2. propellants.
    3. air fresheners.
  7. The most common age of inhalant use is
    1. 10 years.
    2. 12 years.
    3. 14 years.
  8. As noted in the article, effects that occur within minutes of inhalant use include
    1. headache.
    2. loss of sensation.
    3. agitation.
  9. Signs that a teen may be huffing include
    1. a rash around the nose or mouth.
    2. drooling.
    3. vision changes.
  10. As noted in the article, a recent trend to produce an energy rush and an endorphin boost of euphoria is snorting
    1. nutmeg.
    2. cinnamon.
    3. cocoa powder.
  11. The most commonly used tobacco product among American middle- and high-school students is
    1. chew, snuff, or dip.
    2. ecigarettes.
    3. cigarettes or cigars.
  12. Symptoms of nicotine overdose include
    1. abdominal pain and cramping.
    2. a decline in academic performance.
    3. weight loss.
  13. High doses of cough medicine can cause
    1. sedation.
    2. heart failure.
    3. decreased inhibition.
  14. As noted in the article, when taken in high doses, loperamide can cause
    1. musculoskeletal problems.
    2. kidney problems.
    3. pulmonary problems.
  15. The author reports that the prescription drugs most commonly misused by teenagers include
    1. stimulants.
    2. acetaminophen.
    3. laxatives.
  16. Compared with an average cup of coffee, energy drinks can contain about how much more caffeine?
    1. two to three times more
    2. four to five times more
    3. six to eight times more
  17. Mental and physical health problems that may be caused by using synthetic cannabinoids include
    1. uncoordinated movements.
    2. violent behavior.
    3. flushed face and diuresis.
  18. As noted in the article, what spice causes hallucinations and euphoria when taken in large doses?
    1. nutmeg
    2. cinnamon
    3. cocoa




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