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Influenza: Are you ready?

doi: 10.1097/01.NME.0000547430.80075.f3
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INSTRUCTIONS Influenza: Are you ready?

TEST INSTRUCTIONS

  • To take the test online, go to our secure web site at www.nursingcenter.com/CE/nmie. View instructions for taking the test online there.
  • If you prefer to submit your test by mail, record your answers in the test answer section of the CE enrollment form on page 56. You may make copies of the form. Each question has only one correct answer. There is no minimum passing score required.
  • Complete the registration information and course evaluation. Mail the completed form and registration fee of $12.95 to: Lippincott Professional Development, 74 Brick Blvd., Bldg. 4, Suite 206, Brick, NJ 08723. We will mail your certificate in 4 to 6 weeks. For faster service, include a fax number and we will fax your certificate within 2 business days of receiving your enrollment form.
  • You will receive your CE certificate of earned contact hours and an answer key to review your results.
  • Registration deadline is September 4, 2020.
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DISCOUNTS and CUSTOMER SERVICE

  • Send two or more tests in any nursing journal published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins together by mail and deduct $0.95 from the price of each test.
  • We also offer CE accounts for hospitals and other health care facilities on nursingcenter.com. Call 1-800-787-8985 for details.
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PROVIDER ACCREDITATION

Lippincott Professional Development will award 1.0 contact hour for this continuing nursing education activity.

Lippincott Professional Development is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.

This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 11749 for 1.0 contact hour. Lippincott Professional Development is also an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the District of Columbia, Georgia, and Florida CE Broker #50-1223.

Influenza: Are you ready?

GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about influenza; its signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, complications, and vaccination; and nursing's role in its prevention. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing-education activity, you should be able to: 1. Recognize the transmission, signs and symptoms, and diagnostic process for influenza. 2. Identify the treatment, complications, and vaccination for influenza.

  1. Which statement about influenza is accurate?
    1. There are four types of influenza.
    2. Types A and B cause the most serious illness.
    3. Type A is found only in humans and is more stable than type B.
  2. The influenza virus spreads by entering mucous membranes from contaminated
    1. droplets from coughing, sneezing, or talking.
    2. blood, semen, and vaginal fluids.
    3. mosquitos and ticks.
  3. Which of the following about influenza is accurate?
    1. The virus can infect others 1 day before the onset of symptoms.
    2. Its symptoms appear 1 to 2 weeks after exposure.
    3. It's the most contagious 6 to 7 days after the onset of symptoms.
  4. Influenza typically resolves in
    1. 3 to 4 days.
    2. 7 to 10 days.
    3. 3 to 4 weeks.
  5. Which isn't a common sign or symptom of influenza?
    1. muscle/body aches
    2. eye pain/sensitivity to light
    3. swollen lymph nodes
  6. The signs and symptoms of influenza differ in age groups such that
    1. fever is higher in adults than children.
    2. children may experience confusion.
    3. vomiting and diarrhea are more common in children.
  7. For patients at high risk for complications, diagnosis of influenza is
    1. made by testing within the first 2 to 3 days of the illness.
    2. made with blood cultures within the first week of symptoms.
    3. based on symptoms and sputum analysis 7 to 10 days after onset if symptoms worsen.
  8. The most appropriate specimen collection to test for influenza is the
    1. sputum analysis.
    2. nasopharyngeal swab.
    3. buccal swab.
  9. The RIDT can be read in
    1. 15 seconds.
    2. 15 minutes or less.
    3. 1 hour.
  10. One of the most common adverse reactions to oseltamivir is
    1. nausea.
    2. constipation.
    3. embolism.
  11. To treat influenza, the antivirals oseltamivir and zanamivir should be administered
    1. once daily for 10 days.
    2. twice daily for 5 days.
    3. twice daily for 14 days.
  12. Which of the following shouldn't be included in your patient's influenza treatment plan?
    1. antipyretics for fever
    2. antibiotics for secondary bacterial pneumonia
    3. high-dose steroids for inflammation from a viral infection
  13. Which is a possible complication associated with influenza?
    1. myocarditis
    2. liver failure
    3. stroke
  14. A higher risk of complications is associated with influenza when your patient
    1. is over age 45.
    2. has heart disease.
    3. takes anticoagulants.
  15. As a complication of influenza, pneumonia can be recognized by
    1. a dry cough that changes to a productive cough.
    2. fever, chills, and body aches.
    3. symptoms that worsen after 1 to 2 days.
  16. Regarding influenza vaccination,
    1. the nasal spray flu vaccine is recommended as a first choice.
    2. it should be avoided in patients with a history of Guillain-Barré syndrome.
    3. the intradermal quadrivalent vaccine is approved for patients ages 8 to 64.
  17. People with an egg allergy should receive which vaccine?
    1. standard-dose trivalent
    2. high-dose trivalent
    3. recombinant trivalent
  18. Educate patients that
    1. it takes up to 2 weeks to develop immunity after vaccination.
    2. the influenza season peaks in October and November.
    3. children under age 6 months should be given an influenza vaccine.
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