Cardiac death vs. brain death
INSTRUCTIONS Cardiac death vs. brain death
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Cardiac death vs. brain death
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on the criteria for cardiac death and brain death. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading the article and taking this test, you should be able to: 1. Select criteria for brain death. 2. Identify the signs and treatment of cardiac arrest.
Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
- Brain death is
- the absence of all heart function.
- not a sign of actual death unless accompanied by cardiac arrest.
- the irreversible absence of all brain activity.
- Irregular, gasping breaths by a patient in cardiac arrest is termed
- Kussmaul respirations.
- agonal breathing.
- Which rhythm doesn't coincide with cardiac arrest?
- ventricular tachycardia without a pulse
- sinus bradycardia with a pulse
- pulseless electrical activity
- Which statement is correct regarding cardiac arrest?
- Most cases are irreversible, even if caught early.
- Brain cells start to die after 1 to 2 minutes.
- Only carotid pulses are present.
- A patient who's brain dead may be
- in a coma.
- in a persistent vegetative state.
- in cardiac arrest.
- In brain death, the patient may continue to have
- respiratory function.
- a heartbeat.
- What test is almost always performed to determine brain death?
- a computed tomography scan
- an EEG
- magnetic resonance imaging
- In the cold caloric test, the examiner is looking for
- a cough.
- Which test is negative if the patient's eyes stay fixed when the head is turned to the side?
- doll's eye reflex
- cold caloric test
- corneal reflex test
- The cough reflex is elicited by
- instilling saline down the endotracheal tube.
- inserting a suction catheter to the carina.
- placing the patient on a ventilator.
- The corneal reflex tests the eye's
- response to a foreign object.
- response to light.
- In a patient with brain death, hypotension often results from
- peripheral vasodilation.
- diabetes mellitus.
- systemic vasoconstriction.
- A patient who's brain dead may
- respond only to deep pain.
- have uncontrollable muscle spasms.
- respond only to stimulation of certain cranial nerves.
- In the absence of hypotension, an apnea test should be conducted for at least
- 8 minutes.
- 10 minutes.
- 12 minutes.
- Organ donations need to be harvested
- after cardiac arrest.
- before brain death.
- while there's still circulation.
- CPR includes
- manual defibrillation.
- rescue breathing.
- advanced airway management.
- Nurses certified in ACLS are expected to
- test for brain death.
- perform an EEG.
- assess for causes of cardiac arrest.
- One brain death criterion is a GCS of