INSTRUCTIONS HIV/AIDS: One pandemic, many faces
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HIV/AIDS: One pandemic, many faces
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide current information on HIV/AIDS virus transmission, prevention, and treatment options. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading the article and taking this test, you'll be able to: 1. Explain the transmission and life cycle of the HIV virus. 2. Describe testing for HIV/AIDS. 3. Discuss treatment protocols for HIV/AIDS and nursing considerations for patient care.
- The HIV-2 virus
- has a high transmission rate in its early stages.
- is transmitted via the same modes as HIV-1.
- doesn't affect individuals infected with HIV-1.
- The primary target of the HIV virus in the human body is
- the CD4 T cell
- Many errors occurring during the virus's switch from RNA to DNA can
- make the virus inactive.
- work to the advantage of the human host.
- make the virus resistant to medication.
- Which statement about acute seroconversion is correct?
- It occurs during the clinical latency period.
- It occurs within 1 to 2 weeks following exposure.
- It may be marked by flu-like symptoms.
- The patient with HIV presenting with peripheral neuropathy, confusion, mood changes, and a very low T-cell count is likely experiencing
- acute seroconversion.
- clinical latency.
- a very high viral load.
- Most new HIV cases worldwide are caused by
- heterosexual transmission.
- I.drug use.
- mother-to-child transmission.
- HIV testing of pregnant women
- is offered only to high-risk women.
- is the recommended standard of care.
- prevents vertical transmission of the virus.
- Anti-HIV medications during pregnancy
- should be administered when labor begins.
- reduce the risk of transmission to the fetus.
- prevent the need for the baby to be treated after birth.
- The second highest risk behavior for contracting HIV is
- unprotected anal, oral, or vaginal sex.
- I.drug use.
- needle sticks to healthcare workers.
- Which of the following would you teach a high-risk patient about rapid HIV testing?
- Rapid tests are only 82% accurate.
- If the result is positive, a more specific test is required.
- Home tests are conducted using a finger stick blood test.
- The CDC HIV testing recommendations don't advise testing of
- all pregnant women.
- all adults.
- all school-age children.
- The goal of treatment in the HIV-positive population is to
- prevent the virus from replicating.
- remove obstacles to successful mutation.
- reduce the number of T cells.
- Which statement about HAART is accurate?
- It's used only in cases of full blown AIDS.
- Its treatment goal is to protect T cells and reduce the possibility of mutation.
- It combines two or more drugs for short-term treatment.
- Which of these drug classes blocks the HIV virus from inserting itself into the DNA of T cells?
- protease inhibitors
- transcriptase inhibitors
- integrase inhibitors
- A core aim of the national HIV/AIDS strategy is to
- eliminate tuberculosis co-infections in this population.
- develop new antiretroviral drugs.
- improve health outcomes for people living with HIV.
- Which opportunistic infections have a high incidence in HIV-positive children?
- bacterial infections
- viral pneumonias
- fungal skin disorders
- Couples considering pregnancy, where only the woman is HIV-positive, should be counseled that
- if no open vaginal ulcers exist, there's no risk to the fetus.
- there are several strategies to reduce the rate of transmission.
- in vitro fertilization will prevent HIV in the fetus.
- Patient teaching concerning antiretroviral medications is especially important because
- stopping them or skipping doses allows the viral load to increase.
- viral copies may enhance the immune system.
- these medications can cure HIV/AIDS when properly administered.
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