This illustrated guide explains various techniques for assessing a patient's neurologic response through painful stimuli, which are used when a patient doesn't respond to verbal stimuli or gentle shaking.
Judith "Ski" Lower recently retired as nurse-manager of the neurologic critical care unit and neurovascular intensive care unit at Johns Hopkins University Hospital in Baltimore, Md.
Adapted from Lower J. Facing neuro assessment fearlessly. Nursing2002; 33(6):56–57.