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Electrolyte series: Sodium and chloride

Rowe, Amy, BSN, RN, CCRN

doi: 10.1097/01.CCN.0000532360.64613.10
Feature: Stroke Spotlight

Abstract: Sodium and chloride are primarily responsible for fluid movement across the compartments of the body. Neurologic, hormonal, and renal factors combine to regulate sodium levels and preserve fluid volume homeostasis. This article covers the causes, signs and symptoms, and available treatments for the following sodium and chloride imbalances associated with morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients: hyponatremia, hypernatremia, hyperchloremia, and hypochloremia.

The latest installment in our Electrolyte Series explores sodium and chloride. Learn the causes, signs and symptoms, and available treatments for the following imbalances: hypernatremia, hyponatremia, hyperchloremia, and hypochloremia.

Amy Rowe is a clinical nurse educator at Edward-Elmhurst Health, Naperville, Ill.

The author has disclosed no financial relationships related to this article.

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