INSTRUCTIONS Screening and brief intervention to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
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Screening and brief intervention to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about assessing alcohol consumption in women of reproductive age and intervening as needed. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing-education activity, you should be able to: 1. Recognize the risks associated with prenatal alcohol use. 2. Outline the Alcohol SBI tool.
- The goal of increasing the number of nurses using the Alcohol SBI tool is to prevent
- alcohol toxicity.
- unplanned pregnancies.
- According to the authors, what's the critical intervention for FASDs?
- What's the leading preventable cause of birth defects and disabilities in the United States?
- alcohol consumption
- folic acid deficiency
- gestational diabetes
- Alcohol use in pregnancy can cause physical defects in a fetus such as
- limb abnormalities.
- thick upper lip.
- large head circumference.
- For children exposed to alcohol in utero, cognitive and learning deficiencies
- rarely occur.
- may not be realized until adolescence or young adulthood.
- are identified most frequently during infancy.
- Which of the following is at the end of the FASD spectrum and can cause death?
- According to the CDC, FAS is estimated to occur in 0.2 to 1.5 infants per
- 10 live births.
- 100 live births.
- 1,000 live births.
- To help prevent FASDs, education for pregnant women should include which information?
- Alcohol use is safe in the third trimester.
- It isn't safe to consume any amount of alcohol.
- Only wine or flavored coolers can safely be consumed.
- Which screening tool is preferred for assessing frequency, quantity, and patterns of drinking?
- The first question of AUDIT assesses
- The AUDIT-C tool
- is available online for screening use.
- isn't practical to use in clinical settings.
- should be administered only by a physician.
- One drink is defined as
- 6 fl oz regular beer.
- 1.5 fl oz malt liquor.
- 5 fl oz table wine.
- The first step in brief intervention is to
- raise the topic of alcohol consumption.
- enhance patient motivation.
- provide feedback.
- In the acronym T-ACE, the T stands for
- table wine.
- During which brief intervention step does the nurse enhance the patient's motivation about changing her alcohol consumption?
- Step 1
- Step 3
- Step 4
- A substance such as alcohol that causes embryo malformations is referred to as a
- The last step of brief intervention includes addressing the patient's alcohol consumption by
- negotiating with and advising the patient.
- enhancing the patient's motivation to stop use.
- providing feedback to the patient by exposing myths.
- The process of implementing brief intervention with a woman of reproductive age can take as little as
- 5 minutes.
- 15 minutes.
- 30 minutes.