The cluster of activities called ROPES is borrowed and modified for teaching from OUTWARD Bound, the renowned outdoor management training program. ROPES uses experiential learning situations in which characteristic problem-solving tasks encourage the participants to stretch their personal limits and to learn teamwork. In doing so, trust, self-confidence, and communication and leadership skills develop through accomplishment of specific challenging activities. ROPES activities were found to be an effective method of instruction for teaching leadership in a senior nursing leadership course.
Mary K. Kirkpatrick, EdD, RN, Professor of Adult Health Nursing,
Sylvia Brown, EdD, RN, Professor of Adult Health Nursing,
Dixie Koldjeski, PhD, RN, FAAN, Associate Dean and Director of Research and Program Development for Nursing, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina.