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Cyber-bullying and Incivility in the Online Learning Environment, Part 1: Addressing Faculty and Student Perceptions

Clark, Cynthia M. PhD, RN, ANEF, FAAN; Werth, Loredana PhD; Ahten, Sara DNP, RN

doi: 10.1097/NNE.0b013e31825a87e5
Feature Articles

Online learning has created another potential avenue for incivility. Cyber-bullying, a form of incivility that occurs in an electronic environment, includes posting rumors or misinformation, gossiping, or publishing materials that defame and humiliate others. This is the first of 2 articles detailing a study to empirically measure nursing faculty and student perceptions of incivility in an online learning environment (OLE). In this article, the authors discuss the quantitative results including the types and frequency of uncivil behaviors and the extent to which they are perceived to be a problem in online courses. Part 2 in the September/October issue will describe challenges and advantages of the OLE, discuss specific ways to foster civility, and present strategies to promote student success and retention.

Author Affiliations: Professor (Dr Clark), Assistant Professor (Dr Werth), School of Education, Counseling, & Social Work, Northwest Nazarene University, Nampa; Assistant Professor (Dr Ahten), School of Nursing, Boise State University, Idaho.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Clark, Boise State University, 1910 University Dr, Boise, ID 83725 (

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.