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Evaluating Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice

Oermann, Marilyn H. PhD, RN, FAAN


Although much has been written about measurement instruments for evaluating critical thinking in nursing, this article describes clinical evaluation strategies for critical thinking. Five methods are discussed: 1) observation of students in practice; 2) questions for critical thinking, including Socratic questioning; 3) conferences; 4) problemsolving strategies; and 5) written assignments. These methods provide a means of evaluating students' critical thinking within the context of clinical practice.

Marilyn H. Oermann, PhD, RN, FAAN, Professor, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, e-mail:

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