To retrospectively investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with Graves’ disease (GD) accompanied by ophthalmopathy (GO) and the prognosis of single 131I therapy.
In total, 665 patientswith Graves’ disease were enrolled in this study, including 115 patients with GO and 550 patients without GO. On the one hand, the clinical characteristics of the two groups were recorded. On the other hand, the prognosis after more than 6 months of 131I therapy was divided into three groups: recovered, hypothyroidism and unhealed.
Compared with GD-alone patients, GD patients with GO were younger, had a higher thyrotrophin receptor antibody (TRAb), heavier thyroid mass and higher dose of single 131I therapy (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, patients were younger in the clinical active score ≥3 group and had higher FT4 level in the mild GO group (all P < 0.05). Among these, age and TRAb were independent risk factors for GO in GD patients (P < 0.05). When age was <52.5 years and TRAb was >24.01 IU/L, GD patients were more likely to develop GO (P < 0.001). After at least 6 months of single 131I therapy, compared with GD-alone patients, the prognosis was poor in GD patients with GO (P < 0.05).
Young GD patients with heavy thyroid mass and high TRAb are more likely to have GO. Younger GO patients are more likely to be active stage and the level of thyroid function was inversely correlated with the severity of GO. When the age and TRAb have exceeded the cutoff value, we should pay more attention to the occurrence of GO and shorten the follow-up interval appropriately. Patients with GD combined with GO have a poor prognosis.