To determine in a group of patients with progressive metastatic neuroendocrine tumors (PM-NETs) treated with 177Lu-DOTATATE whether a correlation exists between somatostatin receptor (SSTR)-2 expression in various tumors on baseline 68Ga-DOTATATE PET and their response to therapy. A secondary aim was to determine whether an association exists between tumor product of diameter (POD) and PET-derived Krenning score.
Materials & methods
Patients treated PM-NETs who had SSTR-2 overexpression (SSTR-RADS 5) on screening 68Ga-DOTATATE PET and CT at baseline and 3 months after therapy completion were included. Marker lesions on baseline CT were reassessed on CT after therapy using adapted Southwest Oncology Group solid tumor evaluation criteria. For each lesion, bidimensional diameter on CT and SSTR expression on PET (SSTR-RADS uptake score & PET-derived Krenning score) were recorded. Logistic regression models fitted through generalized estimating equations were used to assess for an association between SSTR expression and response to therapy, or lesion’s POD.
Forty-one patients with SSTR-RADS 5 PM-NETs treated with 177Lu-DOTATATE were included. There were 135 marker lesions (mean 3.2 lesions/patient) with Krenning score of 4 (n = 74), 3 (n = 44) or 2 (n = 17). There was no association found between SSTR-2 expression, as determined by SSTR-RADS uptake score or PET-derived Krenning score, and POD or response to therapy.
In patients with SSTR-RADS 5 PM-NETs treated with 177Lu-DOTATATE, there was similar response to therapy for all lesions with PET-generated Krenning score ≥2. No correlation was found between lesion’s POD and level of tracer uptake.