Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNETs) are slow-growing epilepsy-associated tumors. Low or normal 11C-methionine (MET) PET uptake helps to differentiate DNETs from other low-grade gliomas. However, diverse MET-PET uptake in DNETs has been observed. The aim of this study is to measure the clinical significance and prognostic value of MET-PET in DNET management.
Patients and Methods
Retrospective review of 26 DNET patients was done. Clinical characteristics, radiologic findings, and visual and quantitative MET-PET results were analyzed. PET uptake was calculated as the tumor–to–homotopic mirror ratio (TNRm) and tumor–to–contralateral cortex ratio (TNRc). The clinical activity of the tumors at the time of PET was classified into active and quiescent groups. The surgical outcome was defined as a composite of 2 different aspects: tumor progression and/or clinical events such as seizure recurrence or tumor bleeding.
Twenty-seven MET-PET examinations (20 initial MET-PET and 7 MET-PET during follow-up) were included. Clinically active tumors at the time of PET presented significantly higher values of TNRm and TNRc than quiescent tumors. High MET-PET uptake by visual grading, TNRm ≥ 1.90, and TNRc ≥ 1.85 exhibited poor prognosis for event-free survival.
MET-PET uptake correlates well with the clinical behavior of DNETs at the time of PET examination. Moreover, High MET-PET uptake is closely related to seizure recurrence if tumors are not entirely resected. Efforts to achieve gross total resection should be made for DNETs with high MET-PET uptake.